Numerical investigation of pressure influence on the confined turbulent boundary layer flashback process

Aaron Endres, Thomas Sattelmayer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Boundary layer flashback from the combustion chamber into the premixing section is a threat associated with the premixed combustion of hydrogen-containing fuels in gas turbines. In this study, the effect of pressure on the confined flashback behaviour of hydrogen-air flames was investigated numerically. This was done by means of large eddy simulations with finite rate chemistry as well as detailed chemical kinetics and diffusion models at pressures between 0.5 bar and 3 bar. It was found that the flashback propensity increases with increasing pressure. The separation zone size and the turbulent flame speed at flashback conditions decrease with increasing pressure, which decreases flashback propensity. At the same time the quenching distance decreases with increasing pressure, which increases flashback propensity. It is not possible to predict the occurrence of boundary layer flashback based on the turbulent flame speed or the ratio of separation zone size to quenching distance alone. Instead the interaction of all effects has to be accounted for when modelling boundary layer flashback. It was further found that the pressure rise ahead of the flame cannot be approximated by one-dimensional analyses and that the assumptions of the boundary layer theory are not satisfied during confined boundary layer flashback.

Original languageEnglish
Article number146
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2019


  • Boundary layer flashback
  • Confined
  • Hydrogen
  • Large eddy simulation
  • Turbulent combustion


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