Nuclear quantum transport for barrier problems

Christian Rummel, Helmut Hofmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A method is presented which allows one to introduce collective coordinates self-consistently, in distinction to the Caldeira-Leggett model. It is demonstrated how the partition function Z for the total nuclear system can be calculated to deduce information both on its level density as well as on the decay rate of unstable modes. For the evaluation of Z different approximations are discussed. A recently developed variational approach turns out superior to the conventional methods that include quantum effects on the level of local RPA. Dissipation is taken into account by applying energy smearing, simulating in this way the coupling to more complicated states. In principle, such a coupling must depend on temperature. Previous calculations along another microscopic approach show this fact to imply an intriguing variation of the transport coefficients of collective motion with T. The relevance of this feature is demonstrated for the thermal fission rate and for the formation probability of super-heavy elements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)434-441
Number of pages8
JournalProgress of Theoretical Physics Supplement
StatePublished - 2004


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