NT-proBNP and Zlog-transformed NT-proBNP values predict extubation failure in critically ill neonates with pulmonary hypertension and ventricular dysfunction

Lukas Schroeder, Manuel Kuelshammer, Ramona Dolscheid-Pommerich, Stefan Holdenrieder, Andreas Mueller, Florian Kipfmueller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Critically ill neonates with a history of pulmonary hypertension (PH) or ventricular dysfunction are at risk to experience an extubation failure (EF) after liberation from mechanical ventilation (MV). Due to insufficient data from neonatal cohorts, it remains unclear whether NT-proBNP is an appropriate biomarker to predict EF in this cohort. The Zlog-transformation of NT-proBNP (further named NT-proBNPZlog) is an additional tool to optimize the interpretation of NT-proBNP since absolute NT-proBNP values are varying with the age of these infants. Patients and Methods: This was a retrospective single-center analysis at the University Children's Hospital, Bonn, Germany, during the study period from January 2020 until December 2021. Forty-three neonates met the inclusion criteria and were screened for study participation. Inclusion criteria: prolonged (>24 h) MV with at least one extubation attempt, with a history of PH and/or ventricular dysfunction in the echocardiographic assessment at admission to the neonatal intensive care unit or during the period of MV, NT-proBNP measurements before (max. 24 h, baseline) and after (max. 24 h, follow-up) the first extubation attempt. The primary clinical endpoint was defined as EF with need for reintubation (0–72 h). Neonates with an EF were allocated to group A and neonates with successful liberation from MV to group B. Main Results: The primary clinical endpoint (EF) was reached in 21% (nine infants). Absolute mean NT-proBNP values (NT-proBNPabs) at baseline did not differ significantly in infants of group A and B (6931 vs. 7136 pg/ml, p = 0.227). NT-proBNPZlog values at baseline (2.35 vs. 1.57, p = 0.073) tended to higher values in group A. NT-proBNPabs values measured at follow-up were significantly higher in infants allocated to group A (11120 vs. 7570 pg/ml, p = 0.027). Likewise, NT-proBNPZlog values at follow-up were significantly higher in infants allocated to group A (3.05 vs. 1.93, p = 0.009). NT-proBNPabs values at follow-up and NT-proBNPZlog values at baseline correlated significantly with the severity of PH. Regarding the receiver operating characteristic-analysis, a NT-proBNPabs value at follow-up of ≥4622 pg/ml was calculated as optimal cut-off value for the prediction of EF (area under the curve [AUC] 0.742, p = 0.001). A NT-proBNPZlog value at baseline of ≥1.63 and at follow-up of ≥2.14 was calculated as optimal cut-off for the prediction of EF (AUC: 0.690/p = 0.027, and 0.781/p = 0.000, respectively). Conclusion: NT-proBNPabs and NT-proBNPZlog might be valuable biomarkers for the prediction of EF in critically ill neonates. The Zlog-transformation of NT-proBNP allows an age-independent interpretation of NT-proBNP and should be considered for clinical routine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-261
Number of pages9
JournalPediatric Pulmonology
Volume58
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • NT-proBNP
  • Zlog-transformation
  • biomarker
  • extubation failure
  • neonates

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