Normal values of isokinetic maximum strength, the strength/velocity curve, and the angle at peak torque of an degrees of freedom in the shoulder

F. Mayer, T. Horstmann, K. Rocker, H. C. Heitkamp, H. H. Dickhuth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many acute and chronic complaints in the shoulder joint are due to a reduced active stabilization capacity. Procedures to measure isokinetic strength are used to objectify the muscle deficits and imbalances of various muscle groups. In this study, standard values and reference ranges were determined for peak torque (PT), strength/velocity curve, and range of motion (ROM) at peak torque in the shoulder in 19 untrained women and 32 men. Differentiation was made by the individual degrees of freedom of the shoulder joint and the various types of work (concentric, isometric, eccentric). Moreover, the influence of height, body weight, and body mass index on isokinetic maximum strength development was investigated. It was found that it is necessary to distinguish between the various movements and types of work in development of peak torque. A decrease in maximum strength is observed in the sequence extension, adduction/flexion, abduction/internal rotation, external rotation. The maximum strength of men was determined to be higher than that in women. ROM shows a wide fluctuation and does not possess high validity. Height, as well as body weight and body mass index have only slight influence on the isokinetic maximum strength in the shoulder of untrained men and women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S19-S25
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume15
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Angle at peak torque
  • Isokinetic
  • Normal values
  • Peak torque
  • Shoulder joint

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