Nonlocal generalized models of predator-prey systems

Christian Kuehn, Thilo Gross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The method of generalized modeling has been used to analyze differential equations arising in applications. It makes minimal assumptions about the precise functional form of the differential equation and the quantitative values of the steady-states which it aims to analyze from a dynamical systems perspective. The method has been applied successfully in many different contexts, particularly in ecology and systems biology, where the key advantage is that one does not have to select a particular model but is able to provide directly applicable conclusions for sets of models simultaneously. Although many dynamical systems in mathematical biology exhibit steady-state behaviour one also wants to understand nonlocal dynamics beyond equilibrium points. In this paper we analyze predator-prey dynamical systems and extend the method of generalized models to periodic solutions. First, we adapt the equilibrium generalized modeling approach and compute the unique Floquet multiplier of the periodic solution which depends upon so-called generalized elasticity and scale functions. We prove that these functions also have to satisfy a flow on parameter (or moduli) space. Then we use Fourier analysis to provide computable conditions for stability and the moduli space flow. The final stability analysis reduces to two discrete convolutions which can be interpreted to understand when the predator-prey system is stable and what factors enhance or prohibit stable oscillatory behaviour. Finally, we provide a sampling algorithm for parameter space based on nonlinear optimization and the Fast Fourier Transform which enables us to gain a statistical understanding of the stability properties of periodic predator-prey dynamics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)693-720
Number of pages28
JournalDiscrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - Series B
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Correlation
  • Discrete convolution
  • Floquet theory
  • Fourier series
  • Generalized models
  • Moduli space flow
  • Optimization
  • Parameter sampling
  • Periodic orbits
  • Predator-prey system

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