Nonlocal emergent hydrodynamics in a long-range quantum spin system

Alexander Schuckert, Izabella Lovas, Michael Knap

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Generic short-range interacting quantum systems with a conserved quantity exhibit universal diffusive transport at late times. We employ nonequilibrium quantum field theory and semiclassical phase-space simulations to show how this universality is replaced by a more general transport process in a long-range XY spin chain at infinite temperature with couplings decaying algebraically with distance as r-α. While diffusion is recovered for α>1.5, longer-ranged couplings with 0.5<α≤1.5 give rise to effective classical Lévy flights, a random walk with step sizes drawn from a distribution with algebraic tails. We find that the space-time-dependent spin density profiles are self-similar, with scaling functions given by the stable symmetric distributions. As a consequence, for 0.5<α≤1.5, autocorrelations show hydrodynamic tails decaying in time as t-1/(2α-1) and linear-response theory breaks down. Our findings can be readily verified with current trapped ion experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number020416
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume101
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 28 Jan 2020

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