Non-invasive imaging of implanted peritoneal carcinomatosis in mice using PET and bioluminescence imaging

J. Stollfuss, N. Landvogt, M. Abenstein, S. Ziegler, M. Schwaiger, R. Senekowitsch-Schmidtke, H. Wieder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Non-invasive imaging of peritoneal carcinomatosis remains challenging. The aim of this study was to compare positron emission tomography (PET) and bioluminescence imaging (BLI) for the early detection of peritoneal carcinomatosis in a mouse model. Methods: Female nude mice were inoculated intraperitoneally with 1×107 HSC45-M2-luc gastric cancer cells. The cells were stably transfected with the gene coding for firefly luciferase. Tumour development was monitored using PET and BLI and in two subgroups, on days 3 and 4 or on days 6 and 7 after tumour cell inoculation. Tumour nodules found on post mortem examination served as the reference standard for evaluating the images. Results: PET detected 58/82 lesions (sensitivity 71 %). This method detected all (100 %) nodules larger than 6 mm, 88 % of nodules in the range of >2–4 mm, and even 58 % of small nodules measuring only 1–2 mm. BLI identified a total of 40/82 lesions (sensitivity 49 %). The difference between PET and BLI was statistically significant at p < 0.05 (PET/BLI chi-square 8.2). Conclusions: PET was more sensitive than BLI for the detection of early peritoneal carcinomatosis in our mouse model. The sensitivity of BLI largely depended on the site of the lesions in relation to the imaging device.

Original languageEnglish
Article number44
JournalEJNMMI Research
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 8 Dec 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bioluminescence imaging
  • PET
  • Peritoneal carcinomatosis
  • Small animal imaging

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