Non intrusive measurements of a LPP combustor under elevated pressure conditions

R. Fink, A. Hupfer, D. Rist

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

To meet increasingly tight regulations on emission control appropriate combustor designs need to be developed. With different combustion concepts like RQL (Rich Quench Lean) and LPP (Lean Premixed Prevaporized) it has been proven that it is possible to reach the objective of a significant reduction of the NOX emissions. To gain further insight into the real combustion process it is of importance to be able to "look into" the flame without interfering with the actual combustion process. At the combustion laboratory of the Institute of Flight Propulsion at Munich University of Technology a combustion test facility is set up to study combustion characteristics under pressure up to 6 bar and inlet airflow temperature up to 650 K. A newly designed LPP concept was adapted into an optically accessible model combustion chamber. The objective of the study was to operate the LPP combustor under semi-realistic conditions and to obtain more knowledge on the influence of pressure on the combustion process. With suitable non-intrusive laser-spectroscopic measuring techniques like LIF (Laser Induced Fluorescence) the fuel spray, the nitric oxides and the hydroxyl radical were detected in several planes parallel to the combustor axis at different combustor pressures. As expected the pressure has a strong effect on droplet distribution and evaporation. Also with increasing pressure it was possible to operate the combustor under leaner conditions. A strong dependence on pressure of the formation of nitric oxides was detected. To quantify these results samples with a water-cooled probe were taken, analyzed and compared with the non intrusive measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages441-447
Number of pages7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002
EventProceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2002; Aircraft Engine, Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels, Combustion and Fuels, Education, Electric Power, Vehicular and Small Turbomachines - Amsterdam, Netherlands
Duration: 3 Jun 20026 Jun 2002

Conference

ConferenceProceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2002; Aircraft Engine, Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels, Combustion and Fuels, Education, Electric Power, Vehicular and Small Turbomachines
Country/TerritoryNetherlands
CityAmsterdam
Period3/06/026/06/02

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Non intrusive measurements of a LPP combustor under elevated pressure conditions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this