No detrimental effect of a positive family history on postoperative upgrading and upstaging in men with low risk and favourable intermediate-risk prostate cancer: implications for active surveillance

Kathleen Herkommer, Nikola Maier, Donna P. Ankerst, Stefan Schiele, Jürgen E. Gschwend, Valentin H. Meissner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To assess whether a first-degree family history or a fatal family history of prostate cancer (PCa) are associated with postoperative upgrading and upstaging among men with low risk and favourable intermediate-risk (FIR) PCa and to provide guidance on clinical decision making for active surveillance (AS) in this patient population. Methods: Participants in the German Familial Prostate Cancer database diagnosed from 1994 to 2019 with (1) low risk (clinical T1c–T2a, biopsy Gleason Grade Group (GGG) 1, PSA < 10 ng/ml), (2) Gleason 6 FIR (clinical T1c–T2a, GGG 1, PSA 10–20 ng/ml), and (3) Gleason 3 + 4 FIR (clinical T1c–T2a, GGG 2, PSA < 10 ng/ml) PCa who were subsequently treated with radical prostatectomy (RP) were analysed for upgrading, defined as postoperative GGG 3 tumour or upstaging, defined as pT3–pT4 or pN1 disease at RP. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess whether PCa family history was associated with postoperative upgrading or upstaging. Results: Among 4091 men who underwent RP, mean age at surgery was 64.4 (SD 6.7) years, 24.7% reported a family history, and 3.4% a fatal family history. Neither family history nor fatal family history were associated with upgrading or upstaging at low risk, Gleason 6 FIR, and Gleason 3 + 4 FIR PCa patients. Conclusion: Results from the current study indicated no detrimental effect of family history on postoperative upgrading or upstaging. Therefore, a positive family history or fatal family history of PCa in FIR PCa patients should not be a reason to refrain from AS in men otherwise suitable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2499-2506
Number of pages8
JournalWorld Journal of Urology
Volume39
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2021

Keywords

  • Active surveillance
  • Family history
  • Fatal family history
  • Favourable intermediate-risk prostate cancer
  • Upgrading
  • Upstaging

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