New DRIFTS cell design for the simultaneous acquisition of IR spectra and kinetic data using on-line product analysis

M. M. Schubert, T. P. Häring, G. Bräth, H. A. Gasteiger, R. J. Behm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

A new design for a DRIFTS (diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectrometry) cell for in situ studies in heterogeneous catalysis is presented, which allows for improved reaction control (i.e., gas flow, temperature, minimized background conversion) and for precise kinetic measurements via on-line gas analysis by a tandem-arranged gas chromatograph. Specifically, the very low background activity of the cell itself for CO and H2 oxidation makes it possible to study the preferential CO oxidation in H2-rich gases (PROX) at relevant reaction temperatures (150-350°C) and reactant concentrations (≤1 kPa CO and O2). Comparison with results obtained in a quartz tube reactor shows excellent agreement with the reaction rates obtained in the DRIFTS cell. The improved performance of the new DRIFTS cell design is demonstrated by examining the influence of CO2 on the PROX reaction over a Au/Fe2O3 catalyst. The addition of CO2 to idealized reformate (varying CO and O2 partial pressures, 75 kPa H2, balance N2) significantly reduces both the CO oxidation rate and the selectivity of the PROX reaction on Au/α-Fe2O3 and strongly affects the frequency of the C-O stretch vibration of adsorbed CO due to CO2 coadsorption.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1537-1543
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Spectroscopy
Volume55
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Au/FeO
  • FT-IR cell design
  • Gold catalysts
  • In situ DRIFTS
  • PROX
  • Selective CO oxidation

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