Neutrons produced by 1.22 GeV antiproton interactions with nuclei

T. Von Egidy, P. Figuera, J. Galin, F. Goldenbaum, Ye S. Golubeva, M. Hasinoff, D. Hilscher, A. S. Iljinov, U. Jahnke, M. Krause, W. Kurcewicz, X. Ledoux, B. Lott, L. Maier, M. Manrique De Lara, G. Pausch, L. Pienkowski, B. Quednau, W. Schott, W. U. SchröderJ. Tõke

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Inclusive neutron energy spectra were measured by time of flight using 1.22 GeV antiprotons from LEAR, CERN, as projectiles and targets from natural Al, Cu, Ag, Ho, Ta, Au, Pb, Bi, U. The sum of two Maxwellian distributions was fitted to the spectra d2σ/(dΩdΕ) obtained at several forward and backward angles yielding neutron multiplicities Mi and slope or temperature parameters Ti for the low-energy (evaporative, i = 1) and high-energy (pre-equilibrium, i = 2) parts, respectively. M1 increases with A, proportional to the nuclear volume, and M2 is growing with A1/3, proportional to the nuclear radius. The T parameters are nearly independent of A. The results are compared with previous multiplicity measurements with a 4π neutron detector, intranuclear cascade calculations and neutron spectra from stopped antiproton annihilation on nuclei. With the measured proton spectra also the ratio of emitted neutrons to protons was determined for Au.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-204
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Physical Journal A
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2000


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