Neural Network Robustness Analysis Using Sensor Simulations for a Graphene-Based Semiconductor Gas Sensor

Sebastian A. Schober, Yosra Bahri, Cecilia Carbonelli, Robert Wille

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Despite their advantages regarding production costs and flexibility, chemiresistive gas sensors often show drawbacks in reproducibility, signal drift and ageing. As pattern recognition algorithms, such as neural networks, are operating on top of raw sensor signals, assessing the impact of these technological drawbacks on the prediction performance is essential for ensuring a suitable measuring accuracy. In this work, we propose a characterization scheme to analyze the robustness of different machine learning models for a chemiresistive gas sensor based on a sensor simulation model. Our investigations are structured into four separate studies: in three studies, the impact of different sensor instabilities on the concentration prediction performance of the algorithms is investigated, including sensor-to-sensor variations, sensor drift and sensor ageing. In a further study, the explainability of the machine learning models is analyzed by applying a state-of-the-art feature ranking method called SHAP. Our results show the feasibility of model-based algorithm testing and substantiate the need for the thorough characterization of chemiresistive sensor algorithms before sensor deployment in order to ensure robust measurement performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number152
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • algorithm robustness
  • gas sensors
  • graphene
  • model explainability
  • modeling
  • neural networks
  • sensor ageing
  • sensor variations
  • simulation


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