Neue Konzepte in der bildgestützten Chirurgie: automatische Patientenregistrierung anhand von Kiefer und Ohrmuschel.

Translated title of the contribution: New concepts in image assisted surgery: automated patient registration based on the jaw and external ear

R. Marmulla, J. Mühling, T. Lüth, G. Eggers, S. Hassfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Automatic and marker less patient registration based on natural anatomical interfaces may considerably reduce the radiation load and logistical input prior to computer-assisted surgical interventions, as it is not necessary to place and measure reference markers. The present study was to find out if, apart from the facial skin, also auricles as well as the upper and lower jaw can be used as anatomical interfaces for the intraoperative registration of the patient's position. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Prior to surgical intervention the positions of 20 patients were registered by a high-resolution 3D laser scan and correlated with the preoperative CT data set. Tumors, skeletal malformations, and foreign bodies were indications for surgical intervention. Auricles as well as the upper and lower jaw were used to register the patient's positions. The accuracy of this basically marker less method was clinically evaluated through the additionally placed conventional registration markers. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The marker less patient registration based on natural anatomical interfaces was successful in the upper jaw (deviation: 0.8+/-0.3 mm). The tongue and mobile floor of the mouth led to geometric incongruence and inadequate laser registration in the lower jaw. As far as the auricles were concerned, high accuracy could only be achieved as long as the auricles had not been deformed during CT imaging (deviation: 1.9+/-0.9 mm). The usual CT acquisition with a conventional head support, however, led to temporary auricular deformations in more than half of the patients, which made an exact laser scan registration impossible.

Translated title of the contributionNew concepts in image assisted surgery: automated patient registration based on the jaw and external ear
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)365-370
Number of pages6
JournalMund-, Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie : MKG
Volume7
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2003
Externally publishedYes

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