Multi-Objective Optimization of Low Reynolds Number Airfoil Using Convolutional Neural Network and Non-Dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm

Abu Bakar, Ke Li, Haobo Liu, Ziqi Xu, Marco Alessandrini, Dongsheng Wen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The airfoil is the prime component of flying vehicles. For low-speed flights, low Reynolds number airfoils are used. The characteristic of low Reynolds number airfoils is a laminar separation bubble and an associated drag rise. This paper presents a framework for the design of a low Reynolds number airfoil. The contributions of the proposed research are twofold. First, a convolutional neural network (CNN) is designed for the aerodynamic coefficient prediction of low Reynolds number airfoils. Data generation is discussed in detail and XFOIL is selected to obtain aerodynamic coefficients. The performance of the CNN is evaluated using different learning rate schedulers and adaptive learning rate optimizers. The trained model can predict the aerodynamic coefficients with high accuracy. Second, the trained model is used with a non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm (NSGA-II) for multi-objective optimization of the low Reynolds number airfoil at a specific angle of attack. A similar optimization is performed using NSGA-II directly calling XFOIL, to obtain the aerodynamic coefficients. The Pareto fronts of both optimizations are compared, and it is concluded that the proposed CNN can replicate the actual Pareto in considerably less time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number35
JournalAerospace
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Convolutional neural network
  • Low Reynolds number airfoil
  • Multi-objective optimization
  • Non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm
  • Pareto front

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