Mountain ecosystem response to global change

Jörg Löffler, Kerstin Anschlag, Barry Baker, Oliver D. Finch, Bernd Diekkrüger, Dirk Wundram, Boris Schröder, Roland Pape, Anders Lundberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


Mountain ecosystems are commonly regarded as being highly sensitive to global change. Due to the system complexity and multifaceted interacting drivers, however, understanding current responses and predicting future changes in these ecosystems is extremely difficult. We aim to discuss potential effects of global change on mountain ecosystems and give examples of the underlying response mechanisms as they are understood at present. Based on the development of scientific global change research in mountains and its recent structures, we identify future research needs, highlighting the major lack and the importance of integrated studies that implement multi-factor, multi-method, multi-scale, and interdisciplinary research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-213
Number of pages25
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Altitudinal zonation
  • Arctic-alpine environments
  • Climate change
  • High mountain ecology
  • Land use and land cover change
  • Range shifts
  • Tree line alteration


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