Morphometric analysis of loading-induced changes in collagen-fibril populations in young tendons

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Abstract

This study was designed to gain more detailed morphological information on skeletal tendons in the course of adaptation to physical loading. The effect on collagen fibrils was investigated in 6-week-old mice by means of electron microscopy. Physical loading was performed on a treadmill 5 days a week for 1, 3, 5, 7 and 10 weeks. Morphometric analysis of collagen fibrils revealed the mean diameter, the diameter distribution, the number and the cross-sectional area. The principal observations included: 1. After one week of physical loading an increase in mean fibril diameter (30%, p≦0.01), in number (15%, p≦ 0.05), and in cross-sectional area (15%, p≦0.05), as well as a change in mean fibril diameter distribution. 2. From the third to the seventh week a fall under the level of the controls in mean diameter (26%, p≦0.01), in number (26%, p≦0.01), and a reduced cross-sectional area (17%, p≦0.01), accompanied by signs of splitting of individual collagen fibrils. 3. In the long-term study an increase in fibril number (29%, p≦0.01), a fall in mean diameter from 189 nm in the controls to 179 nm (p≦0.05) but no statistically significant change in the relative cross-sectional area (32%) per unit in comparison to unloaded tendons. The possible physiological implications of the findings are discussed in the light of several regulatory mechanisms known to appear during the course of physical loading in connective tissues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)465-470
Number of pages6
JournalCell and Tissue Research
Volume236
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1984
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Collagen fibrils
  • Loading
  • Morphometry
  • Mouse
  • Tendon
  • Ultrastructure

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