Morph-SSL: Self-Supervision with Longitudinal Morphing for Forecasting AMD Progression from OCT Volumes

Arunava Chakravarty, Taha Emre, Oliver Leingang, Sophie Riedl, Julia Mai, Hendrik P.N. Scholl, Sobha Sivaprasad, Daniel Rueckert, Andrew Lotery, Ursula Schmidt-Erfurth, Hrvoje Bogunovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The lack of reliable biomarkers makes predicting the conversion from intermediate to neovascular age-related macular degeneration (iAMD, nAMD) a challenging task. We develop a Deep Learning (DL) model to predict the future risk of conversion of an eye from iAMD to nAMD from its current OCT scan. Although eye clinics generate vast amounts of longitudinal OCT scans to monitor AMD progression, only a small subset can be manually labeled for supervised DL. To address this issue, we propose Morph-SSL, a novel Self-supervised Learning (SSL) method for longitudinal data. It uses pairs of unlabelled OCT scans from different visits and involves morphing the scan from the previous visit to the next. The Decoder predicts the transformation for morphing and ensures a smooth feature manifold that can generate intermediate scans between visits through linear interpolation. Next, the Morph-SSL trained features are input to a Classifier which is trained in a supervised manner to model the cumulative probability distribution of the time to conversion with a sigmoidal function. Morph-SSL was trained on unlabelled scans of 399 eyes (3570 visits). The Classifier was evaluated with a five-fold cross-validation on 2418 scans from 343 eyes with clinical labels of the conversion date. The Morph-SSL features achieved an AUC of 0.779 in predicting the conversion to nAMD within the next 6 months, outperforming the same network when trained end-to-end from scratch or pre-trained with popular SSL methods. Automated prediction of the future risk of nAMD onset can enable timely treatment and individualized AMD management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages1
JournalIEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
StateAccepted/In press - 2024
Externally publishedYes


  • Age-Related Macular Degeneration
  • Biomarkers
  • Biomedical imaging
  • Disease Progression
  • Feature extraction
  • Longitudinal OCT
  • Retina
  • Retina
  • Self-Supervised Learning
  • Task analysis
  • Three-dimensional displays
  • Training


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