Modeling of a Process Window for Tailored Reinforcements in Overmolding Processes

Philipp K.W. Picard, Tim A. Osswald, Swen Zaremba, Klaus Drechsler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study explores cost-effective and customized composite applications by strategically placing carbon fiber-reinforced thermoplastics in multi-material designs. The focus is on developing a model for the simultaneous processing of non-reinforced and reinforced thermoplastic layers, with the aim of identifying essential parameters to minimize insert flow and ensure desired fiber orientation and positional integrity. The analysis involves an analytical solution for two layered power-law fluids in a squeeze flow setup, aiming to model the combined flow behavior of Newtonian and pseudo-plastic fluids, highlighting the impact of the non-Newtonian nature. The behavior reveals a non-linear trend in the radial flow ratio towards the logarithmic consistency index ratio compared to a linear trend for Newtonian fluids. While a plateau regime of consistency index ratios presents challenges in flow reduction for both layers, exceeding this ratio, depending on the height ratio of the layers, enables a viable overmolding process. Therefore, attention is required when selectively placing tailored composites with long-fiber-reinforced thermoplastics or unidirectional reinforcements to avoid operating in the plateau region, which can be managed through appropriate cavity or tool designs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number65
JournalJournal of Composites Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2024


  • fluid array
  • overmolding
  • power-law fluid
  • process window
  • pseudo-plastic
  • squeeze flow
  • tailored reinforcements


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