MMSPE-RP-HPLC method for the simultaneous determination of methimazole and selected metabolites in fish homogenates

L. Hollosi, A. Kettrup, K. W. Schramm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

A simple and rapid high-performance liquid chromatography method with ultraviolet detection was developed for the determination of the thyreostatic compound methimazole (1-methyl-2-mercaptoimidazole, MET) and metabolites 2-mercaptoimidazol (SHMET), N-methylthiourea (MTU) and N-methylhydantoin (MEH) from zebrafish (D. rerio) whole body homogenates using mixed mode solid phase extraction technique for sample pre-treatment. The highly polar compounds were separated on a difunctionally bonded silica based reverse phase column using gradient elution. Retention factors ranged between 1.53 and 5.66. The method was linear between 0.1 and 30 μg/ml, the detection limits were 0.4 ng for MET and SHMET, 0.6 ng for MTU and 2.6 ng for MEH. Extraction method was exhibited average recovery rates of 85.2-97.6%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)921-924
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 19 Nov 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Methimazole and metabolites
  • Mixed mode solid phase extraction
  • Polar substances
  • RP-HPLC
  • Zebrafish

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