Metal‐Metal Coordination Chemistry: Free Clusters of Group 12 Elements with Sodium

Ueli Heiz, Ursula Röthlisberger, Arthur Vayloyan, Ernst Schumacher

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A systematic study of the mass spectra of particles formed in a supersonic nozzle expansion of Zn, Cd, and Hg vapors together with Na was performed. The particles discussed in this paper contain only one heavy atom and less than 12 Na ligands. Mass spectra from the neutral particles were generated by photoionization at five wavelengths (250, 260, 280, 300, and 320 nm) with a slit width corresponding to 16.5 and 3.3 nm, respectively. The abundances were corrected to relative differential ionization cross‐sections. Photoionization potentials for Nan M with 5 < n < 10 and M = Zn, Cd, Hg were measured. Below n = 6 no mixed clusters were found. The first abundance maximum occurred for all M at n = 8. A second maximum was with n = 16 or n = 18 (not covered in this paper). This selectivity can be rationalized by recent ab initio calculations by Fantucci et al. (J. Chem. Phys.; in press) and by jellium calculations, which give a closed shell at n = 8 with the occupations 1s21p62s2. Ionization potentials clearly show a level reversal to 1p‐2s‐1d in contrast to the homonuclear jellium with 1p‐1d‐2s. This is similar to previous results with KnMg (Kappes, M. et al., Chem. Phys. Lett., 1985, 119: 11). Molecular dynamics simulations with empirical potentials show that the heavy metal migrates to the center of a cube in the frozen asymptote of NagM. At finite temperatures and for larger central atoms, a square antiprismal arrangement seems to be more stable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-155
Number of pages9
JournalIsrael Journal of Chemistry
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes


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