Mental disturbances of arteriosclerotic origin

A. Alzheimer, Hans Förstl, Robert Howard, Raymond Levy

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9 Scopus citations


Alzheimer wrote this paper in 1902 as a review of previous clinical and neuropathologic work. He had himself contributed several original papers of seminal importance about various aspects of cerebrovascular disease. This abbreviated translation concentrates on the clinical parts of his paper in which he characterized and distinguished different subtypes of vascular dementia: post-stroke dementia, mild 'subclinical' cerebral arteriosclerosis, severe progressive arteriosclerotic brain degeneration, Binswanger's encephalitis subcorticalis chronica, perivascular gliosis, and mixed forms of degenerative brain disease. Some of his clinical characterizations foreshadowed modern diagnostic criteria and standards of classification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalNeuropsychiatry, Neuropsychology and Behavioral Neurology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1992
Externally publishedYes


  • Binswanger's disease
  • History of neurology
  • History of psychiatry
  • Multi-infarct dementia
  • Vascular dementia


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