Medizinische Psychologie und Medizinische Soziologie im Wandel-Bestandsaufnahme und Perspektiven der beiden Fächer in Deutschland

Translated title of the contribution: Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology in Transition-Review and Perspectives of the two Disciplines in Germany

Martin Härter, Beate Ditzen, Nico Dragano, Götz Fabry, Jochen Kaiser, Peter Kropp, Matthias Richter, Christina Schut, Olaf Von Dem Knesebeck, Daniel Bremer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim of the study Through the Master Plan for Medical Studies 2020 and the development of the National Competence-Based Learning Target Catalogue Medicine (NKLM), significant changes in university medicine were started. The aim of the study was a systematic analysis of the state and perspectives of the disciplines of medical psychology and sociology at the medical faculties in Germany. Methodology An online survey was conducted on 5 topics (structure, teaching, research, care, perspectives). 46 departments and institutes of medical psychology and sociology were invited to the survey. Results 40 of the 46 contacted institutions have called up the online questionnaire, 35 have answered in full (return: 76.1%). 77% of the institutions are autonomous. In the median, the institutions have 15 employees (range: 1 to 149). 9 universities have established a model curriculum. More than half of the institutions use and train simulation patients. The main research priorities are clinical research, health care research, neuroscience and classical medical psychology or sociological research topics. The institutions receive primarily public funding and publish 19 publications (80% international, median) each year. Publication opportunities are considered "satisfactory" by 54% of institutions (2003: 44%), and by 29% as "very satisfactory" (2003: 21%). 9 out of 27 medical psychology institutes provide clinical services to patients and relatives with mental or chronic physical illness. Almost half of the institutions expect the Master Plan 2020 to further increase the relevance of the subjects. Discussion Since 2003 there has been a substantial increase in scientific staff, third-party funding and publications. The sites show a pronounced heterogeneity in terms of size and equipment, which leads to an imbalance in terms of teaching and research as well as clinical services. Conclusion The subjects of medical psychology and medical sociology have developed very heterogeneously in terms of independence, size, equipment and possibilities at the various faculties in Germany. Therefore, it is very important in the future that the 2 disciplines intensify the dialogue with each other and also with other psychosocial disciplines in order to influence the current development regarding NKLM and Master Plan 2020 constructively. On the one hand, this calls for an expansion of disadvantaged institutions and a consolidation of the existing autonomous institutions.

Translated title of the contributionMedical Psychology and Medical Sociology in Transition-Review and Perspectives of the two Disciplines in Germany
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)205-211
Number of pages7
JournalPPmP Psychotherapie Psychosomatik Medizinische Psychologie
Volume70
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2020
Externally publishedYes

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