Mechanism of edge localized mode mitigation by resonant magnetic perturbations

M. Bécoulet, F. Orain, G. T.A. Huijsmans, S. Pamela, P. Cahyna, M. Hoelzl, X. Garbet, E. Franck, E. Sonnendrücker, G. Dif-Pradalier, C. Passeron, G. Latu, J. Morales, E. Nardon, A. Fil, B. Nkonga, A. Ratnani, V. Grandgirard

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64 Scopus citations

Abstract

A possible mechanism of edge localized modes (ELMs) mitigation by resonant magnetic perturbations (RMPs) is proposed based on the results of nonlinear resistive magnetohydrodynamic modeling using the jorek code, realistic JET-like plasma parameters and an RMP spectrum of JET error-field correction coils (EFCC) with a main toroidal number n=2 were used in the simulations. Without RMPs, a large ELM relaxation is obtained mainly due to the most unstable medium-n ballooning mode. The externally imposed RMP drives nonlinearly the modes coupled to n=2 RMP which produce small multimode relaxations, mitigated ELMs. The modes driven by RMPs exhibit a tearinglike structure and produce additional islands. Mitigated ELMs deposit energy into the divertor mainly in the structures ("footprints") created by n=2 RMPs, however, slightly modulated by other nonlinearly driven even harmonics. The divertor power flux during a ELM phase mitigated by RMPs is reduced almost by a factor of 10. The mechanism of ELM mitigation by RMPs proposed here reproduces generic features of high collisionality RMP experiments, where large ELMs are replaced by small, much more frequent ELMs or magnetic turbulence. Total ELM suppression was also demonstrated in modeling at higher RMP amplitude.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115001
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume113
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 12 Sep 2014
Externally publishedYes

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