Materials development for new high heat-flux component mock-ups for DEMO

J. W. Coenen, Y. Mao, S. Sistla, A. V. Müller, G. Pintsuk, M. Wirtz, J. Riesch, T. Hoeschen, A. Terra, J. H. You, H. Greuner, A. Kreter, Ch Broeckmann, R. Neu, Ch Linsmeier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Material issues pose a significant challenge for future fusion reactors like DEMO. When using materials in a fusion environment a highly integrated approach is required. Damage resilience, power exhaust, as well as oxidation resistance during accidental air ingress are driving issues when deciding for new materials. Neutron induced effects e.g. transmutation adding to embrittlement are crucial to material performance. Here advanced materials such as tungsten fibre-reinforced tungsten Wf/W and fibre-reinforced copper Wf/Cu composites could allow the step towards a fusion reactor. Recent developments in the area Wf/W mark a possible path towards a component mock-up early enough for utilisation in DEMO. High heat-flux tests show that having short fibres at the exposed surface leads to their selective erosion and melting. Initial tests in the linear plasma device PSI-2 confirm this behaviour.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1431-1436
Number of pages6
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Volume146
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2019

Keywords

  • Composites
  • DEMO
  • Fusion
  • High heat flux tests
  • Plasma facing materials
  • Tungsten

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