TY - JOUR

T1 - Linear and nonlinear theories of discrete analytic functions. Integrable structure and isomonodromic Green's function

AU - Bobenko, Alexander I.

AU - Mercat, Christian

AU - Suris, Yuri B.

PY - 2005/6

Y1 - 2005/6

N2 - Two discretizations, linear and nonlinear, of basic notions of the complex analysis are considered. The underlying lattice is an arbitrary quasicrystallic rhombic tiling of a plane. The linear theory is based on the discrete Cauchy-Riemann equations, the nonlinear one is based on the notion of circle patterns. We clarify the role of the rhombic condition in both theories: under this condition the corresponding equations are integrable (in the sense of 3D consistency, which yields also the existense of zero curvature representations, Bäcklund transformations etc.). We demonstrate that in some precise sense the linear theory is a linearization of the nonlinear one: the tangent space to a set of integrable circle patterns at an isoradial point consists of discrete holomorphic functions which take real (imaginary) values on two sublattices. We extend solutions of the basic equations of both theories to ℤd, where d is the number of different edge slopes of the quasicrystallic tiling. In the linear theory, we give an integral representation of an arbitrary discrete holomorphic function, thus proving the density of discrete exponential functions. We introduce the d-dimensional discrete logarithmic function which is a generalization of Kenyon's discrete Green's function, and uncover several new properties of this function. We prove that it is an isomonodromic solution of the discrete Cauchy-Riemann equations, and that it is a tangent vector to the space of integrable circle patterns along the family of isomonodromic discrete power functions.

AB - Two discretizations, linear and nonlinear, of basic notions of the complex analysis are considered. The underlying lattice is an arbitrary quasicrystallic rhombic tiling of a plane. The linear theory is based on the discrete Cauchy-Riemann equations, the nonlinear one is based on the notion of circle patterns. We clarify the role of the rhombic condition in both theories: under this condition the corresponding equations are integrable (in the sense of 3D consistency, which yields also the existense of zero curvature representations, Bäcklund transformations etc.). We demonstrate that in some precise sense the linear theory is a linearization of the nonlinear one: the tangent space to a set of integrable circle patterns at an isoradial point consists of discrete holomorphic functions which take real (imaginary) values on two sublattices. We extend solutions of the basic equations of both theories to ℤd, where d is the number of different edge slopes of the quasicrystallic tiling. In the linear theory, we give an integral representation of an arbitrary discrete holomorphic function, thus proving the density of discrete exponential functions. We introduce the d-dimensional discrete logarithmic function which is a generalization of Kenyon's discrete Green's function, and uncover several new properties of this function. We prove that it is an isomonodromic solution of the discrete Cauchy-Riemann equations, and that it is a tangent vector to the space of integrable circle patterns along the family of isomonodromic discrete power functions.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=27844545287&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1515/crll.2005.2005.583.117

DO - 10.1515/crll.2005.2005.583.117

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:27844545287

SN - 0075-4102

SP - 117

EP - 161

JO - Journal fur die Reine und Angewandte Mathematik

JF - Journal fur die Reine und Angewandte Mathematik

IS - 583

ER -