Leukemic dendritic cells generated in the presence of FLT3 ligand have the capacity to stimulate an autologous leukemia-specific cytotoxic T cell response from patients with acute myeloid leukemia

A. Woiciechowsky, S. Regn, H. J. Kolb, M. Roskrow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations

Abstract

It has been proposed that adoptive immunotherapy, for the treatment of relapsed AML, with cytotoxic T lymphocytes which show a relative specificity for the leukemic cells may have the advantage of maximizing the beneficial anti-leukemic effect whilst minimizing the probability of graft-versus-host disease. In this study we differentiated peripheral blood AML cells in vitro into functional dendritic cells (DCs), as demonstrated by cell morphology, immunophenotype and functional activity, in the presence of GM-CSF, IL-4, TNF-α and FLT3 ligand. Such DCs could be differentiation from 77% of AML patients, irrespective of their FAB classification and clinical status and, in all cases tested, the DCs were shown to derive from the leukemic clone by FISH analysis. Importantly, from >60% of AML patients, autologous T lymphocytes stimulated with these in vitro generated leukemic DCs displayed specific cytotoxic activity against AML blasts but low reactivity against autologous non-leukemic targets and HLA-matched normal PBMNCs therefore suggesting that the CTLs were AML-specific. The use of FLT3 ligand in our system resulted in a significantly higher number of leukemic DCs as compared to cultures from which FLT3 ligand was omitted which is obviously advantageous if large numbers of specific CTLs are to be generated in the shortest possible time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-255
Number of pages10
JournalLeukemia
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • AML
  • CTL
  • Dendritic cell
  • FLT3 ligand

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