Leading-edge roughness affecting diamond-wing aerodynamic characteristics

Andrei Buzica, Lisa Debschütz, Florian Knoth, Christian Breitsamter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Diamond wing configurations for low signature vehicles have been studied in recent years. Yet, despite numerous research on highly swept, sharp edged wings, little research on aerodynamics of semi-slender wings with blunt leading-edges exists. This paper reports on the stall characteristics of the AVT-183 diamond wing configuration with variation of leading-edge roughness size and Reynolds number. Wind tunnel testing applying force and surface pressure measurements are conducted and the results presented and analysed. For the investigated Reynolds number range of 2.1×106 ≤ Re ≤ 2.7×106 there is no significant influence on the aerodynamic coefficients. However, leading-edge roughness height influences the vortex separation location. Trip dots produced the most downstream located vortex separation onset. Increasing the roughness size shifts the separation onset upstream. Prior to stall, global aerodynamic coefficients are little influenced by leading-edge roughness. In contrast, maximum lift and maximum angle of attack is reduced with increasing disturbance height. Surface pressure fluctuations show dominant broadband frequency peaks, distinctive for moderate sweep vortex breakdown. The experimental work presented here provides insights into the aerodynamic characteristics of diamond wings in a wide parameter space including a relevant angle of attack range up to post-stall.

Original languageEnglish
Article number98
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2018


  • AVT-183 diamond wing
  • Experimental aerodynamics
  • Leading-edge roughness effect
  • Leading-edge vortex
  • Stall
  • Vortex breakdown


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