Leading and next-to-leading order gluon polarization in the nucleon and longitudinal double spin asymmetries from open charm muoproduction

C. Adolph, M. G. Alekseev, V. Yu Alexakhin, Yu Alexandrov, G. D. Alexeev, A. Amoroso, A. A. Antonov, A. Austregesilo, B. Badełek, F. Balestra, J. Barth, G. Baum, Y. Bedfer, A. Berlin, J. Bernhard, R. Bertini, M. Bettinelli, K. Bicker, J. Bieling, R. BirsaJ. Bisplinghoff, P. Bordalo, F. Bradamante, C. Braun, A. Bravar, A. Bressan, M. Büchele, E. Burtin, L. Capozza, M. Chiosso, S. U. Chung, A. Cicuttin, M. L. Crespo, S. Dalla Torre, S. Das, S. S. Dasgupta, S. Dasgupta, O. Yu Denisov, L. Dhara, S. V. Donskov, N. Doshita, V. Duic, W. Dünnweber, M. Dziewiecki, A. Efremov, C. Elia, P. D. Eversheim, W. Eyrich, M. Faessler, A. Ferrero, A. Filin, M. Finger, M. Finger, H. Fischer, C. Franco, N. Du Fresne Von Hohenesche, J. M. Friedrich, V. Frolov, R. Garfagnini, F. Gautheron, O. P. Gavrichtchouk, S. Gerassimov, R. Geyer, M. Giorgi, I. Gnesi, B. Gobbo, S. Goertz, S. Grabmüller, A. Grasso, B. Grube, R. Gushterski, A. Guskov, T. Guthörl, F. Haas, D. Von Harrach, F. H. Heinsius, F. Herrmann, C. Heß, F. Hinterberger, N. Horikawa, Ch Höppner, N. D'Hose, S. Huber, S. Ishimoto, O. Ivanov, Yu Ivanshin, T. Iwata, R. Jahn, V. Jary, P. Jasinski, R. Joosten, E. Kabuß, D. Kang, B. Ketzer, G. V. Khaustov, Yu A. Khokhlov, Yu Kisselev, F. Klein, K. Klimaszewski, S. Koblitz, J. H. Koivuniemi, V. N. Kolosov, K. Kondo, K. Königsmann, I. Konorov, V. F. Konstantinov, A. Korzenev, A. M. Kotzinian, O. Kouznetsov, M. Krämer, Z. V. Kroumchtein, F. Kunne, K. Kurek, L. Lauser, A. A. Lednev, A. Lehmann, S. Levorato, J. Lichtenstadt, T. Liska, A. Maggiora, A. Magnon, N. Makke, G. K. Mallot, A. Mann, C. Marchand, A. Martin, J. Marzec, T. Matsuda, G. Meshcheryakov, W. Meyer, T. Michigami, Yu V. Mikhailov, A. Morreale, A. Mutter, A. Nagaytsev, T. Nagel, F. Nerling, S. Neubert, D. Neyret, V. I. Nikolaenko, W. D. Nowak, A. S. Nunes, A. G. Olshevsky, M. Ostrick, A. Padee, R. Panknin, D. Panzieri, B. Parsamyan, S. Paul, E. Perevalova, G. Pesaro, D. V. Peshekhonov, G. Piragino, S. Platchkov, J. Pochodzalla, J. Polak, V. A. Polyakov, J. Pretz, M. Quaresma, C. Quintans, J. F. Rajotte, S. Ramos, V. Rapatsky, G. Reicherz, E. Rocco, E. Rondio, N. S. Rossiyskaya, D. I. Ryabchikov, V. D. Samoylenko, A. Sandacz, M. G. Sapozhnikov, S. Sarkar, I. A. Savin, G. Sbrizzai, P. Schiavon, C. Schill, T. Schlüter, A. Schmidt, K. Schmidt, L. Schmitt, H. Schmïden, K. Schönning, S. Schopferer, M. Schott, O. Yu Shevchenko, L. Silva, L. Sinha, A. N. Sissakian, M. Slunecka, G. I. Smirnov, S. Sosio, F. Sozzi, A. Srnka, L. Steiger, M. Stolarski, M. Sulc, R. Sulej, H. Suzuki, P. Sznajder, S. Takekawa, J. Ter Wolbeek, S. Tessaro, F. Tessarotto, L. G. Tkatchev, S. Uhl, I. Uman, M. Vandenbroucke, M. Virius, N. V. Vlassov, L. Wang, T. Weisrock, M. Wilfert, R. Windmolders, W. Wiślicki, H. Wollny, K. Zaremba, M. Zavertyaev, E. Zemlyanichkina, M. Ziembicki, N. Zhuravlev, A. Zvyagin

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Abstract

The gluon polarization in the nucleon was measured using open charm production by scattering 160 GeV/c polarized muons off longitudinally polarized protons or deuterons. The data were taken by the COMPASS Collaboration between 2002 and 2007. A detailed account is given of the analysis method that includes the application of neural networks. Several decay channels of D0 mesons are investigated. Longitudinal spin asymmetries of the D meson production cross sections are extracted in bins of D0 transverse momentum and energy. At leading order QCD accuracy, the average gluon polarization is determined as Δg/gLO=-0.06±0.21(stat.)±0.08(syst.) at the scale μ2≈13 (GeV/c)2 and an average gluon momentum fraction x≈0.11. The average gluon polarization is also obtained at next-to-leading order QCD accuracy as Δg/g NLO=-0.13±0.15(stat.) ±0.15(syst.) at the scale μ2≈13 (GeV/c)2 and x≈0.20.

Original languageEnglish
Article number052018
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Volume87
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Mar 2013
Externally publishedYes

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