Landscape and local habitat correlates of lady beetle abundance and species richness in urban agriculture

M. H. Egerer, P. Bichier, S. M. Philpott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Landscape surroundings and local habitat management affect patterns of insect biodiversity. Knowing which landscape and local factors are more important for insect species diversity informs landscape and local scale land management, yet can be challenging to disentangle. We sought to identify 1) which landscape factors surrounding, and 2) which local habitat factors within urban community gardens influence patterns in lady beetle (Coccinellidae) abundance and species richness. We assessed lady beetle abundance and taxonomic diversity, garden habitat characteristics, and the surrounding landscape composition in 19 gardens over two consecutive years. We found that the amount of natural area surrounding gardens at 3 km was the strongest correlate of abundance and species richness. Specifically, gardens surrounded by less natural area (gardens embedded in more urban landscapes) had higher lady beetle abundance and richness. In gardens embedded in landscapes with more amounts of natural land, local habitat features such as ornamental abundance and crop diversity may become more important for maintaining lady beetle abundance and richness. Our results suggest that within more urban landscapes, lady beetles may aggregate and accumulate in relatively resource-rich habitats like gardens. Thus, urban landscape quality and local habitat management may all interact to shape lady beetle communities within gardens.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-103
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of the Entomological Society of America
Volume110
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Coccinellidae
  • Community garden
  • Habitat management
  • Urbanization

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Landscape and local habitat correlates of lady beetle abundance and species richness in urban agriculture'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this