Krafttraining an konventionellen bzw. oszillierenden Geräten und Wirbelsäulengymnastik in der Prävention der Osteoporose bei postmenopausalen Frauen

Translated title of the contribution: Resistance training on conventional oscillating devices and gymnastics in the prevention of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women

M. Siegrist, C. Lammel, D. Jeschke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of different training programs on bone, muscle strength, maximal power, pain and well-being were analyzed in a 12-month prospective, randomized and controlled study with 69 postmenopausal osteopenic women. All women took part in a basic tutorial gymnastic program; 26 women performed resistance training (KT) (60-80 % of the 1-Repetition-Maximum, 1RM) in addition to this basic program, and 23 women performed the gymnastic program and two additional exercises with a vibration ground plate and a vibrating dumb-bell (VT). 20 women only participated in the basic program (WS). Compared to WS, KT induced a significant increase in bone area of the femoral neck (+1,3 %) in DXA-measurements. No changes were observed at the lumbar spine. Women who participated in the vigorous training groups improved significantly in dynamic strength leg extension (1RM) (KT: +50 %; VT: +54 %) and arm flexion (KT:+24 %; VT: +17 %), whereas women who took part solely in WS showed only improvements in leg extension (+22 %). Ergometry resulted in an increase in relative power in KT (+8 %) and in WS (+6 %). Participants in WS produced the best results concerning improvements of subjectively perceived well-being and pain, assessed by visual analogue scales. It can be concluded that gymnastic programs are useful to improve physical performance and well-being, whereas adaptations in bone are only seen with resistance training of higher intensity. Vibration training in combination with additional load primarily shows improvements in strength.

Translated title of the contributionResistance training on conventional oscillating devices and gymnastics in the prevention of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)182-188
Number of pages7
JournalDeutsche Zeitschrift fur Sportmedizin
Volume57
Issue number7-8
StatePublished - 2006

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