Kinetics of telencephalic neural cell proliferation during the fetal regeneration period following a single X-irradiation at the late organogenesis stage - I. Sequential study of cell kinetics during the phase of acute events

W. Schmahl

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Abstract

A sequential study of the acute effects of prenatal X-irradiation on telencephalic cell population dynamics was performed by combining a pathological evaluation with autoradiographic methods. This study confirmed that a dose of 0,95 Gy affects nearly all neuroblasts in the G1-, G2-, and M-stage lethally. Within ventricular cells staying in the S-phase at the time of X-irradiation, lethal effects are in the range between 50% and 75%. The surviving remainder of these neuroblasts is responsible for subsequent attempts for regeneration of the telencephalic roof. Two subpopulations of the surviving S-phase cells were observed: The first subpopulation which seems to be restricted to the rudiments of the ventricular zone shows a S/G2-blockade for 8-12 h after X-irradiation. Thereafter these cells start again with mitotic activity. The second subpopulation is morphologically manifested by the formation of heterotopic cell nests, i.e., so-called rosettes. These cells continue with an intense DNA-replication after the 12th h post irradiation and proceed to the mitosis stage only after about another 4-8 h, i.e., the 16th to 20th hour following X-irradiation. These findings indicate the existence of two different pools of regenerative cells within the telencephalic roof, giving rise to either orthotopic or heterotopic growth processes after irradiation injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-31
Number of pages13
JournalRadiation and Environmental Biophysics
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1982
Externally publishedYes

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