Ketamine blocks currents through mammalian nicotinic acetylcholine receptor channels by interaction with both the open and the closed state

Michaela Scheller, Johannes Bufler, Iris Hertle, Hans J. Schneck, Christian Franke, Eberhard Kochs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

84 Scopus citations

Abstract

Single channel recordings have shown that ketamine (Ket) decreases the open time of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor channel (nAChR). The present experiments on simultaneous openings of the nAChRs of mouse myotubes investigate the interaction of Ket with the open as well as with the closed state of the channels. The patch-clamp technique was used to record currents activated by 10-4 M acetylcholine (ACh) in the outside-out mode. ACh together with increasing concentrations of Ket was applied with a piezo- driven system. In a second protocol, the patches were preexposed to Ket before activation with ACh. With addition of Ket, the currents showed a biexponential decay, indicating an open-channel block. The peak current amplitude decreased reversibly and in a concentration dependent manner. The rate constants of block (b+1) and of unblock (b-1) were modeled by computer simulation and were found to be: b+1 = 3 x 106 M/s, b-1 = 100/s. Preexposure of the patches to Ket revealed an additional block with a K(D) of approximately 2 x 10-6 M, which is below clinical concentrations. These data suggest that Ket also interacts with the closed state of the nAChR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)830-836
Number of pages7
JournalAnesthesia and Analgesia
Volume83
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

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