Junctional adhesion molecule-A deficiency increases hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury despite reduction of neutrophil transendothelial migration

Andrej Khandoga, Julia S. Kessler, Herbert Meissner, Marc Hanschen, Monica Corada, Toshiyuki Motoike, Georg Enders, Elisabetta Dejana, Fritz Krombach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

93 Scopus citations

Abstract

The endothelial receptors that control leukocyte transmigration in the postischemic liver are not identified. We investigated the role of junctional adhesion molecule-A (JAM-A), a receptor expressed in endothelial tight junctions, leukocytes, and platelets, for leukocyte transmigration during hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) in vivo. We show that JAM-A is up-regulated in hepatic venular endothelium during reperfusion. I/R-induced neutrophil transmigration was attenuated in both JAM-A-/- and endothelial JAM-A-/- mice as well as in mice treated with an anti-JAM-A antibody, whereas transmigration of T cells was JAM-A independent. Postischemic leukocyte rolling remained unaffected in JAM-A-/- and endothelial JAM-A -/- mice, whereas intravascular leukocyte adherence was increased. The extent of interactions of JAM-A-/- platelets with the postischemic endothelium was comparable with that of JAM-A+/+ platelets. The I/R-induced increase in the activity of alanine amino-transferase (ALT)/aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and sinusoidal perfusion failure was not reduced in JAM-A-/- mice, while the number of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick end-labeling (TUNEL)-positive hepatocytes was significantly higher. Thus, we show for the first time that JAM-A is up-regulated in hepatic venules and serves as an endothelial receptor of neutrophil transmigration, but it does not mediate leukocyte rolling, adhesion, or platelet-endothelial cell interactions. JAM-A deficiency does not reduce I/R-induced microvascular and hepatocellular necrotic injury, but increases hepatocyte apoptosis, despite attenuation of neutrophil infiltration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)725-733
Number of pages9
JournalBlood
Volume106
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Jul 2005

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