Isomerism of dimeric cis-ethene-1,2-di(alkylamido)gallium hydrides and chlorides

Eva Susanne Schmidt, Alexander Jockisch, Hubert Schmidbaur

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30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dichlorogallane [HGaCl2]21 can be prepared in quantitative yield from equimolar quantities of GaCl3 and Et3SiH at -13 °C in the absence of a solvent. Treatment of 1 with dilithium N,N′-di-tert/-butyl-cis-ethenediamide at -78 °C leads to high yields of [(tBu2N2(CH)2)GaH]2 2. According to IR and NMR observations, compound 2 exists in the form of two isomers in benzene solution. Crystallization from pentane affords only one isomer which was identified as a centrosymmetrical dimer with a four-membered ring (Ga-N)2 as the core unit, two hydrogen atoms in trans position and two five-membered rings fused to opposite edges also in trans position (type B). The analogous reaction of [tBu2N2(CH)2]Li2 with anhydrous [GaCI3]2 gives the corresponding chloride 3 which exists as only one isomer in solution. Crystals obtained from hexane contain four independent dimeric molecules, all of which have the same structure with inequivalent gallium atoms owing to a redistribution of the chloride ligands. The central fourmembered ring (Ga-N)2 has the two five-membered rings fused to neighbouring edges in trans position, and the two chlorine atoms are associated with the same gallium atom. This isomer [tBu2N2(CH)2]Ga(GaQ2) 3 (type D) is unprecedented in the structural chemistry of the "diazabutadiene" complexes of Group 13 elements. The analogous cyclohexyl compound was prepared in high yield following the same route. It is formed as only one isomer which has the centrosymmetrical structure of type B, [(cHex2N2(CH)2) 2GaCl]2 (cHex = cyclohexyl). The isomerism is probably governed by steric effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1039-1043
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society. Dalton Transactions
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

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