Involvement of intracellular Ca2+ stores in inhibitory effects of NO donor SIN-1 and cGMP

Hartmut Franck, Martin Storr, Andreas Puschmann, Volker Schusdziarra, Hans Dieter Allescher

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We investigated the role of K+ channels and intracellular Ca2+ stores in the relaxations induced by the NO donor 3-morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1) and 8-bromo-cGMP (8-BrcGMP), 8-(4-chlorophenylthio)-cGMP (pCPT-cGMP), and α,β-methylene-ATP in isolated segments of rat ileum. The inhibitory responses to SIN-1 and the cGMP analogs were not influenced by the K+ blockers apamin, charybdotoxin, iberiotoxin, or glibenclamide, whereas relaxations induced by α,β-methylene-ATP were abolished by apamin and tetraethylammonium. The NO-donor SIN-1 and the cGMP analogs were able to inhibit contractions induced by activation of L-type Ca2+ channels (BAY-K- 8644), by carbachol (CCh), and by cyclopiazonic acid (CPA), a blocker of sarcoplasmic Ca2+-ATPase. However, the inhibition of the combined CPA and CCh response was reduced and the dose-response curve of SIN-1 shifted to the right. Intracellular Ca2+ stores were emptied by incubation in Ca2+-free buffer and repetitive stimulation with CCh or BAY-K-8644. After restoration of extracellular Ca2+, the inhibitory effect of SIN-1 and pCPT-cGMP was only attenuated, whereas in the additional presence of CPA, the inhibitory effect of SIN-1 was blocked and the effect of 8-BrcGMP reduced. Thus depleting intracellular Ca2+ stores attenuated the effect of SIN-1 and 8- BrcGMP, suggesting an involvement of functional Ca2+ stores.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)G159-G168
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Issue number1 38-1
StatePublished - Jul 1998


  • Apamin
  • Charybdotoxin
  • Cyclopiazonic acid
  • Iberiotoxin


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