Investigating and understanding fouling in a planar setup using ultrasonic methods

E. Wallhäußer, M. A. Hussein, T. Becker

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Fouling is an unwanted deposit on heat transfer surfaces and occurs regularly in foodstuff heat exchangers. Fouling causes high costs because cleaning of heat exchangers has to be carried out and cleaning success cannot easily be monitored. Thus, used cleaning cycles in foodstuff industry are usually too long leading to high costs. In this paper, a setup is described with which it is possible, first, to produce dairy protein fouling similar to the one found in industrial heat exchangers and, second, to detect the presence and absence of such fouling using an ultrasonic based measuring method. The developed setup resembles a planar heat exchanger in which fouling can be made and cleaned reproducible. Fouling presence, absence, and cleaning progress can be monitored by using an ultrasonic detection unit. The setup is described theoretically based on electrical and mechanical lumped circuits to derive the wave equation and the transfer function to perform a sensitivity analysis. Sensitivity analysis was done to determine influencing quantities and showed that fouling is measurable. Also, first experimental results are compared with results from sensitivity analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number094904
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2012


Dive into the research topics of 'Investigating and understanding fouling in a planar setup using ultrasonic methods'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this