Intranetwork and Internetwork Effects of Navigated Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Using Low- And High-Frequency Pulse Application to the Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex: A Combined rTMS-fMRI Approach

Haosu Zhang, Nico Sollmann, Gabriel Castrillón, Katarzyna Kurcyus, Bernhard Meyer, Claus Zimmer, Sandro M. Krieg

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose:Although transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is routinely applied in neuroscience and clinical settings, not much is known about its effects on brain networks. Therefore, this pilot study was set up using repetitive navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) combined with resting-state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) to explore frequency-dependent stimulation effects on an intranetwork and internetwork level.Methods:Six healthy subjects (median age: 23.5 years) underwent two rTMS sessions (1 and 10 Hz), 7 days apart, and prestimulation and poststimulation rs-fMRI. Repetitive navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation was delivered to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, with the exact stimulation target being determined by independent component analysis. Alterations of functional connectivity strength were evaluated using seed-based correlation analyses within and between the salience network, central executive network, and posterior and anterior default mode network.Results:Low-frequency rTMS resulted in significant intranetwork alterations only for the anterior default mode network and primarily within the left hemisphere. In contrast, high-frequency rTMS led to changes within all four networks of interest. Moreover, the posterior and anterior default mode network largely showed opposite effects to rTMS, and the anterior default mode network was rather isolated from the other networks, which was especially true for low-frequency rTMS. Changes in functional connectivity strength because of low-frequency rTMS were even detectable 7 days after stimulation.Conclusions:This is one of the first studies using neuronavigated TMS with independent component analysis-based target selection to explore frequency-dependent stimulation effects in a combined rTMS-fMRI approach. Future studies including higher subject numbers may define the underlying mechanisms for the different responses to low- and high-frequency rTMS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-139
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Neurophysiology
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Brain stimulation
  • Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex
  • Functional connectivity
  • Navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation
  • Resting-state functional MRI
  • Salience network

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Intranetwork and Internetwork Effects of Navigated Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Using Low- And High-Frequency Pulse Application to the Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex: A Combined rTMS-fMRI Approach'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this