Interrelations between CSF soluble AβPPβ, amyloid-β 1-42, SORL1, and tau levels in Alzheimer's disease

Panagiotis Alexopoulos, Liang Hao Guo, Amalia Tsolakidou, Martina Kratzer, Timo Grimmer, Christine Westerteicher, Meizi Jiang, Hideaki Bujo, Janine Diehl-Schmid, Alexander Kurz, Robert Perneczky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recently, light has been shed on possible interrelations between the two most important pathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD): the amyloid cascade and axonal degeneration. In this study, we investigated associations between sβAPPβ, a product of the cleavage of the amyloid-β protein precursor (AβPP) by β-secretase, amyloid-β 1-42 (Aβ42), soluble SORL1 (also called LR11 or SORLA), a receptor that is involved in AβPP processing, and the marker of axonal degeneration tau in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 76 patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), 61 patients with AD, and 17 patients with frontotemporal dementia, which neuropathologically is not related to the amyloid pathology. In the AD group, significant associations between sAβPPβ, tau (p < 0.001), and soluble SORL1 (p < 0.001) were detected according to linear regression models. In patients with MCI, sAβPPβ correlated significantly with tau (p < 0.001) and soluble SORL1 (p = 0.003). In the FTD group, only SORL1 (p = 0.011) was associated with sAβPPβ and not tau. Aβ42 was found to be significantly related to tau levels in CSF in the MCI group (p < 0.001) and they tended to be associated in the AD group (p = 0.05). Our results provide further evidence for a link between the two facets of AD pathology, which is likely to be mediated by the binding of Aβ oligomers to specifically targeted neurons, resulting in stimulating tau hyperphosphorylation and neurodegeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)543-552
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • SORL1
  • amyloid
  • amyloid-β 1-42
  • association
  • soluble AβPPβ
  • tau

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