Interplay of Clusters of Acoustic and Intrinsic Thermoacoustic Modes in Can-Annular Combustors

Guillaume J.J. Fournier, Felicitas Schaefer, Matthias Haeringer, Camilo F. Silva, Wolfgang Polifke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Thermoacoustic systems can exhibit self-excited instabilities of two nature, namely cavity modes or intrinsic thermoacoustic (ITA) modes. In heavy-duty land-based gas turbines with can-annular combustors, the cross-talk between cans causes the cavity modes of various azimuthal order to create clusters, i.e., ensembles of modes with close frequencies. Similarly, in systems exhibiting rotational symmetry, ITA modes also have the peculiar behavior of forming clusters. In the present study, we investigate how such clusters interplay when they are located in the same frequency range. We first consider a simple Rijke tube configuration and derive a general analytical low-order network model using only dimensionless numbers. We investigate the trajectories of the eigenmodes when changing the downstream length and the flame position. In particular, we show that ITA and acoustic modes can switch nature and their trajectories are strongly influenced by the presence of exceptional points. We then study a generic can-annular combustor. We show that such configuration can be approximated by an equivalent Rijke tube. We demonstrate that, in the absence of mean flow, the eigenvalues of the system necessarily lie on specific trajectories imposed by the upstream conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121015
JournalJournal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power
Volume144
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

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