Interaction-induced charge and spin pumping through a quantum dot at finite bias

Hernán L. Calvo, Laura Classen, Janine Splettstoesser, Maarten R. Wegewijs

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31 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigate charge and spin transport through an adiabatically driven, strongly interacting quantum dot weakly coupled to two metallic contacts with finite bias voltage. Within a kinetic equation approach, we identify coefficients of response to the time-dependent external driving and relate these to the concepts of charge and spin emissivities previously discussed within the time-dependent scattering matrix approach. Expressed in terms of auxiliary vector fields, the response coefficients allow for a straightforward analysis of recently predicted interaction-induced pumping under periodic modulation of the gate and bias voltage. We perform a detailed study of this effect and the related adiabatic Coulomb blockade spectroscopy, and, in particular, extend it to spin pumping. Analytic formulas for the pumped charge and spin in the regimes of small and large driving amplitude are provided for arbitrary bias. In the absence of a magnetic field, we obtain a striking, simple relation between the pumped charge at zero bias and at bias equal to the Coulomb charging energy. At finite magnetic field, there is a possibility to have interaction-induced pure spin pumping at this finite bias value, and generally, additional features appear in the pumped charge. For large-amplitude adiabatic driving, the magnitude of both the pumped charge and spin at the various resonances saturates at values which are independent of the specific shape of the pumping cycle. Each of these values provides an independent, quantitative measure of the junction asymmetry.

Original languageEnglish
Article number245308
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume86
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - 12 Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes

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