Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-x-ray harmonic continua

A. L. Cavaiieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, R. Kienberger

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182 Scopus citations

Abstract

We demonstrate sub-millijoule-energy, sub-4 fs-duration nearinfrared laser pulses with a controlled waveform comprised of approximately 1.5 optical cycles within the full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) of their temporal intensity profile. We further demonstrate the utility of these pulses for producing high-order harmonic continua of unprecedented bandwidth at photon energies around 100 eV. Ultra-broadband coherent continua extending from 90 eV to more than 130 eV with smooth spectral intensity distributions that exhibit dramatic, never-before-observed sensitivity to the carrier-envelope (CEO) phase of the driver laser pulse were generated. These results suggest the feasibility of sub-100-attosecond XUV pulse generation for attosecond spectroscopy in the 100 eV range, and of a simple yet highly sensitive on-line CEO phase detector with sub-50-ms response time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number242
JournalNew Journal of Physics
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - 31 Jul 2007
Externally publishedYes

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