Integrin-based meningioma cell migration is promoted by photon but not by carbon-ion irradiation

Translated title of the contribution: Integrin-based meningioma cell migration is promoted by photon but not by carbon-ion irradiation

Florian Simon, Jan Oliver Dittmar, Stephan Brons, Lena Orschiedt, Steffi Urbschat, Klaus Josef Weber, Jürgen Debus, Stephanie E. Combs, Stefan Rieken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Sublethal doses of photon irradiation (IR) are suspected to increase tumor cell migration and support locoregional recurrence of disease, which has already been shown in other cell lines. This manuscript describes the effect of photon and carbon-ion IR on WHO class I meningioma cell migration and provides an approach to the underlying cellular mechanisms. Materials and methods: Meningioma cells were gained operatively at the university hospital in Homburg/Saar, Germany. For migration, membranes (8-µm pore sizes) were coated with collagen I, with collagen IV, and with fibronectin. Cells were analyzed in migration experiments with or without serum stimulation, with or without photon and carbon IR 24 h prior to experiments, and with or without integrin antibodies. Fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) analyses of the integrins ανβ1, ανβ3, and ανβ5 were performed without IR and 6, 12 and 24 h after IR. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) analyses of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 were realized with and without IR after cells were cultured on collagen I, collagen IV, or fibronectin for 24 h. Cells and supernatants for FACS and ELISA were stored at − 18 °C. The significance level was set at 5 % using both Student’s t test and two-way ANOVA. Results: Migration of meningioma cells was serum-inducible (p < 0.001). It could be increased by photon IR (p < 0.02). The integrins ανβ1 and ανβ5 showed a 21 and 11 % higher expression after serum stimulation (not significant), respectively, and ανβ1 expression was raised by 14 % (p = 0.0057) after photon IR. Antibody blockage of the integrins ανβ1 and ανβ5 inhibited serum- and photon-induced migration. Expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 remained unchanged after both IR and fetal bovine serum (FBS). Carbon-ion IR left both integrin expression and meningioma cell migration unaffected. Conclusion: Photon but not carbon-ion IR promotes serum-based meningioma cell migration. Fibronectin receptor integrin ανβ1 signaling can be identified as an important mechanism for serum- and photon-induced migration of WHO class I meningioma cells.

Translated title of the contributionIntegrin-based meningioma cell migration is promoted by photon but not by carbon-ion irradiation
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)347-355
Number of pages9
JournalStrahlentherapie und Onkologie
Volume191
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carbon ion
  • Integrin
  • Irradiation
  • Meningioma
  • Migration

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