Integrating multi-omics data reveals energy and stress signaling activated by abscisic acid in Arabidopsis

Takuya Yoshida, Julia Mergner, Zhenyu Yang, Jinghui Liu, Bernhard Kuster, Alisdair R. Fernie, Erwin Grill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Phytohormones are essential signaling molecules regulating various processes in growth, development, and stress responses. Genetic and molecular studies, especially using Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis), have discovered many important players involved in hormone perception, signal transduction, transport, and metabolism. Phytohormone signaling pathways are extensively interconnected with other endogenous and environmental stimuli. However, our knowledge of the huge and complex molecular network governed by a hormone remains limited. Here we report a global overview of downstream events of an abscisic acid (ABA) receptor, REGULATORY COMPONENTS OF ABA RECEPTOR (RCAR) 6 (also known as PYRABACTIN RESISTANCE 1 [PYR1]-LIKE [PYL] 12), by integrating phosphoproteomic, proteomic and metabolite profiles. Our data suggest that the RCAR6 overexpression constitutively decreases the protein levels of its coreceptors, namely clade A protein phosphatases of type 2C, and activates sucrose non-fermenting-1 (SNF1)-related protein kinase 1 (SnRK1) and SnRK2, the central regulators of energy and ABA signaling pathways. Furthermore, several enzymes in sugar metabolism were differentially phosphorylated and expressed in the RCAR6 line, and the metabolite profile revealed altered accumulations of several organic acids and amino acids. These results indicate that energy- and water-saving mechanisms mediated by the SnRK1 and SnRK2 kinases, respectively, are under the control of the ABA receptor-coreceptor complexes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1112-1133
Number of pages22
JournalPlant Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 2024


  • Arabidopsis thaliana
  • abscisic acid
  • energy signaling
  • kinase
  • metabolite profiling
  • phosphoproteomics
  • proteomics
  • receptor
  • stress response


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