Influence of the steel plate on the friction behavior of automotive wet disk clutches

Translated title of the contribution: Influence of the steel plate on the friction behavior of automotive wet disk clutches

P. Strobl, T. Schneider, K. Voelkel, K. Stahl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Friction behavior is the key parameter for the design of automotive wet disk clutches. On the one hand, the Coefficient of Friction (CoF) level should be high to transmit torque efficiently. On the other hand, the clutch requires a positive slope of the CoF over sliding speed for good controllability, high comfort, and a low tendency to shudder. Clutches used in automatic or dual-clutch transmissions mostly use organic friction lining. These friction systems tend to have low CoF at low sliding speeds due to their high requirements regarding shifting comfort. Nevertheless, they show high values of CoF at high sliding speeds. This study investigates the influence of different steel plate finishes on friction behavior in different application-relevant operation modes such as brake shift, unsteady slip, and micro slip. Each of these operation modes requires an accurate CoF measurement at different sliding speed ranges. Therefore, we use different test rig setups. We characterize the steel plates by their areal surface topography measured with an optical system using focus variation. We discuss differences in the friction behavior of the corresponding tribological systems at different operating conditions. Results show an influence of the steel plate surface finish on the CoF level. Therefore, the surface finish of the steel plate influences the functional behavior of wet disk clutches and engineers should consider the surface finish in the early design phase. We discuss the correlation between commonly used surface parameters and friction parameters.

Translated title of the contributionInfluence of the steel plate on the friction behavior of automotive wet disk clutches
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)541-554
Number of pages14
JournalForschung im Ingenieurwesen/Engineering Research
Volume87
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2023

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