Influence of pre-, pro-, and synbiotics on the intestinal availability of different B-vitamins

Gertraud R. Branner, Dora A. Roth-Maier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study was conducted with 16 male growing pigs (eight pigs with an end-to-end ileo-rectal anastomosis, eight intact pigs) to investigate in metabolic trials the influence of different pre-, pro-, and synbiotics on the precaecal and faecal digestibility of thiamin, riboflavin, pantothenic acid and biotin. A basic experimental diet was supplemented with either pre-, pro-, or synbiotic additives as follows: lactulose (2%), inulin (2%), mannanoligosaccharides (0.3%), Enterococcus faecium DSM 10663 (8·10 9 cfu/kg), Enterococcus faecium DSM 7134 (5·108 cfu/kg), inulin + Enterococcus faecium DSM 10663, mannanoligosaccharides + Enterococcus faecium DSM 7134. The precaecal and faecal digestibilities of the investigated B-vitamins were not affected significantly by the administered pre-, pro-, and synbiotics independent of the application period. A higher faecal vitamin excretion vs. the precaecal indicated that thiamin and biotin were synthesized in the colon. On the contrary, for riboflavin and pantothenic acid a higher precaecal vitamin flow compared to the faecal excretion was detected indicating to a certain extent an absorption in the colon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-204
Number of pages14
JournalArchives of Animal Nutrition
Volume60
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2006

Keywords

  • B-vitamins
  • Enterococcus faecium
  • Intestinal availability
  • Inulin
  • Lactulose
  • Mannanoligosaccharides

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