Influence of bacterial endotoxin on radiation-induced activation of human endothelial cells in vitro and in vivo: Protective role of IL-10

Gunther Eissner, Heidrun Lindner, Uta Behrends, Walter Kölch, Anja Hieke, Ines Klauke, Georg W. Bornkamm, Ernst Holler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous work from our group has contributed to demonstrate the role of conditioning related release of proinflammatory cytokines in induction of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT). In the present report we show that ionizing radiation (IR) in a clinical relevant dose upregulates intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) on cultured human microvascular endothelial cells (HMEC). Bacterial endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS) in a concentration corresponding to serum levels seen during clinical endotoxemia, is capable of further enhancing ICAM-1 expression on irradiated cells. Adhesion assays with freshly isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) revealed that increased ICAM-1 expression on IR-treated endothelial cells led to an increased adhesion of PBMC. Again, this effect could be superinduced by LPS. Recombinant human interleukin 10 (IL-10), an antagonistic cytokine known to function as an LPS antagonist, was able to counteract the LPS-mediated enhancement of IR-triggered ICAM-1 induction and PBMC adhesion. In contrast, IL-10 could not inhibit irradiation caused effects. IL-10 seemed to interfere with the translocation of preformed intracellular ICAM-1 to the cell membrane. To investigate whether this superinductive function of IR and LPS on endothelial cells is of clinical relevance, mice were treated with total body irradiation (TBI) and inoculated with a single dose of LPS. Immunohistochemical analyses of murine tissues demonstrated that LPS superinduces IR-triggered ICAM-1 also in vivo. These findings may be of clinical importance as they suggest that the endothelium is activated after radiotherapy or TBI used for conditioning in bone marrow transplantation. The activated endothelium in turn may facilitate the accumulation of effector cells at sites of inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)819-827
Number of pages9
JournalTransplantation
Volume62
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 27 Sep 1996
Externally publishedYes

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