Increasing operator situational awareness during transition procedures for fixed-wing vtol UAV operations

Daniel Dollinger, Valentin A. Marvakov, Florian Holzapfel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Situational awareness towards system automation’s behavior in highly automated aircraft is a central requirement as a breakdown in the operator’s situational awareness can lead to critical situations and hazardous flight states. In the case of any system failures, the arising decision-making process with faults can be more complex and time critical, hence requires more attention and adequate information representation. This paper implements an operator interaction concept, concerning the Human-Machine-Interface (HMI) to increase situational awareness during transition and re-transition procedures of an unmanned experimental fixedwing VTOL aircraft. From a human operator point of view, requirements are placed towards the system automation’s state observability and proper feedback mechanisms for the state information are selected, comprising intuitive indications. The HMI and operator interaction concept are verified in a closed-loop simulation environment, so called Model-in-the-Loop (MIL), showing that the HMI functions are correctly implemented. For validation purposes, a real-time Hardware-in-the-Loop (HIL) environment is setup. The validation demonstrates that the proposed HMI and operator interaction concept can increase situational awareness during transition procedures for the experimental unmanned fixed-wing VTOL aircraft.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIAA Scitech 2021 Forum
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA
Pages1-12
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)9781624106095
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
EventAIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition, AIAA SciTech Forum 2021 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 11 Jan 202115 Jan 2021

Publication series

NameAIAA Scitech 2021 Forum

Conference

ConferenceAIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition, AIAA SciTech Forum 2021
CityVirtual, Online
Period11/01/2115/01/21

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