Incorporation of Lepidium perfoliatum seed gum into wheat starch affects its physicochemical, viscoelastic, pasting and freeze-thaw syneresis properties

Alireza Yousefi, Komla Ako, Mario Jekle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the influence of incorporating Lepidium perfoliatum seed gum (LPSG) into wheat starch (WS) at various mixing ratios on its FTIR, DSC, steady and dynamic rheological properties, pasting attributes, syneresis, and particle size distributions characteristics. The interaction between WS and LPSG was purely based on hydrogen-bonding. It was found that the onset (To) and peak (Tp) temperatures of the LPSG-rich mixtures increased by 10 % and 8 %, respectively, while the enthalpy (ΔH) decreased by 70 % compared to WS. A higher LPSG ratio led to a decrease in the frequency dependence of storage modulus (G′), as well as an increase in the pseudoplasticity of the mixtures. The in-shear structural recovery test showed that the rate of recovery (R, %) increased with an increasing LPSG ratio. The pasting results demonstrated that the 9/1 ratio had the highest final viscosity and the lowest relative breakdown. Applying 1 to 5 freeze-thaw cycles resulted in a 50 % to 70 % decrease in syneresis for the 9/1 mixing ratio in comparison to WS, respectively. The incorporation of LPSG into WS resulted in higher static and dynamic magnitudes of yield stress, as well as an increase in particle size when compared to WS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number129344
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Volume259
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2024
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Lepidium perfoliatum seed gum
  • Physical modification
  • Syneresis
  • Viscoelasticity
  • Wheat starch
  • Yield stress

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