In vitro selection of barley and wheat for resistance against Helminthosporium sativum

H. S. Chawla, G. Wenzel

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Abstract

Calli derived from immature embryos of barley and wheat genotypes were screened for their resistance to purified culture filtrate produced by the fungus Helminthosporium sativum P.K. and B. Two selection methods were used: a continuous method in which four cycles of selection were performed one after another on toxic medium and a discontinuous method in which a pause on non-toxic medium was given after the second or third cycle of selection. The latter was superior as it allowed the calli to regain their regeneration ability. About 3,000 calli from two barley genotypes and 2,000 from two wheat genotypes were used for selection. The selection with the pathotoxins resulted in 6% to 17% surviving calli. Toxin tolerant callus lines of barley were characterised by protein isozymes. Zymograms showed one more isozyme than with the unselected sensitive callus. Barley and wheat plants have been regenerated from callus lines surviving the toxin treatment and in vivo testing against pathogen revealed that the majority of these plants were less sensitive.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)841-845
Number of pages5
JournalTheoretical and Applied Genetics
Volume74
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1987
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Barley
  • Disease resistance
  • Helminthosporium sativum
  • In vitro selection
  • Protein isozymes
  • Wheat

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