Improving point-cloud accuracy from a moving platform in field operations

Hakan Almqvist, Martin Magnusson, Todor Stoyanov, Achim J. Lilienthal

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper presents a method for improving the quality of distorted 3D point clouds made from a vehicle equipped with a laser scanner moving over uneven terrain. Existing methods that use 3D point-cloud data (for tasks such as mapping, localisation, and object detection) typically assume that each point cloud is accurate. For autonomous robots moving in rough terrain, it is often the case that the vehicle moves a substantial amount during the acquisition of one point cloud, in which case the data will be distorted. The method proposed in this paper is capable of increasing the accuracy of 3D point clouds, without assuming any specific features of the environment (such as planar walls), without resorting to a 'stop-scan-go' approach, and without relying on specialised and expensive hardware. Each new point cloud is matched to the previous using normal-distribution-transform (NDT) registration, after which a mini-loop closure is performed with a local, per-scan, graph-based SLAM method. The proposed method increases the accuracy of both the measured platform trajectory and the point cloud. The method is validated on both real-world and simulated data.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2013 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2013
Pages733-738
Number of pages6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes
Event2013 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2013 - Karlsruhe, Germany
Duration: 6 May 201310 May 2013

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation
ISSN (Print)1050-4729

Conference

Conference2013 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2013
Country/TerritoryGermany
CityKarlsruhe
Period6/05/1310/05/13

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